The effects of altitude on performance became evident during the 1968 Olympics in Mexico when they found the sea-level endurance athletes were under performing while their opponents from altitude (2400m) were unaffected. However, the sprint distance athletes performance wasn’t affected and their race times improved. Since then altitude training has been researched extensively and still to this day 80% of Olympic athletes incorporate altitude training into their competition training schedule.
Training at altitude stimulates cellular, haematological, metabolic and hormonal responses to increase the bodies oxygen carrying capacity. Training under hypoxic conditions prepares an individual for competition, acclimatise before a trek expedition or just improve their health and wellness